My Favorite Diary with Garden Care per Month
The following is a brief tour of the special needs of plants and trees throughout the year, and the secrets for their good maintenance per season. Print it, it will be a useful tool for all year round for the lovers of our green world.
January is the month when most pruning is done in the garden. The low temperature and high humidity help for this purpose, and in combination with the heavy rainfall, the annual fertilizations in the garden are facilitated. The pruning of the rose (Rosa), as well as its propagation by cuttings, are done meticulously.
It is also the season of manure enrichment for the soil (which should be well digested), as well as of carving of flower beds.
January is also suitable for planting new trees, pansy seeds, petunias and almost all annual spring plants, as well as for sowing artichokes (Cynara scolymus), carrots (Daucus carota) and asparagus (Asparagus officinalis).
February is the month where mainly sour trees are pruned and the lawn is ventilated, when and where there are creeping varieties. Spring bulbs are also planted, such as Anemone, Convallaria majalis, Zantedeschia, Canna lily and many more.
Do not forget to protect, if we have not already done so, the plants vulnerable to frost, as well as the battery programmers we use for watering.
March is the month that marks the beginning of spring, of course it is also a scary month, especially at the beginning, for frost to appear. That is why it is better not to rush planting seasonal plants. We should do a check to identify any plant losses from the cold of winter, as well as plan any interventions in the garden with the arrival of spring.
March is the right month to build a garden, sow grass, plant shrubs and fulfill our desire to improve our outdoor environment. In March, we can also plant summer vegetables, such as tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), pepper (Capsicum annuum), cucumber (Cucumis sativus), eggplant (Solanum melongena).
These are the sunny months of spring, where the flowers are at their best, full of flowers, sturdy foliage and in full growth. During these months we should do lubrication with fine-grained, quick-release formulations or even better with water-soluble products.
We should also take advantage of this celebration of nature and plant plants in our garden and balcony, either with perennials that are in the best view and with a strong and compact root system, or with seasonal plants such as the petunia (Petunia hybrida), Catharanthus roseus, Impatiens walleriana, Tagetes, Zinnia, Ranunculus, Surfinia.
Also, we should implement the automatic watering system after we have done a detailed check. At the same time, the greedy shoots of the rose should be pruned, as well as sprayed with organic preparations, to combat aphid (Aphidoidea) and powdery mildew. Another key task is to control weeds that have sprouted between the plants, around a trunk or even between the lawn.
As for vegetables, we sow watermelon (Citrullus lanatus), melon (Cucumis melo) and beans (Phaseolus vulgaris).
At the beginning of the summer and before the temperature rises, we must do the last interventions in our garden, even if we are in the construction of a garden from the beginning.
We should prune the flowering shrubs after flowering and remove the mature flowers frequently, to lighten the plants and encourage flowering.
For the ornamental plants, we can do another water-soluble fertilization and on the lawn to apply special fertilizers every 4 weeks. As for their pruning, the only thing the weather allows us is to cut the greedy shoots on the sour trees.
These are the hottest months of the year, which create a lot of problems for the plants. Intense sunshine causes burn on the surface of the foliage and for some species, such as geraniums (Geranium dissectum) and Catharanthus roseus, causes their loss, especially on days when we have hot air (meadow).
Plants' water requirements are increasing, and we need to provide enough water while maintaining a constant frequency of the watering. The use of fertilizers is avoided, because the growth of plants stops and there is a danger of creating toxicity.
At the beginning of July, we place various variations of traps for the treatment of the olive blight (Bactrocera oleae) and the Mediterranean fly (Ceratitis capitata) in the sour trees.
We should have done one last check on watering before going on vacation and have changed the battery in the developers.
In July we can sow beets (Beta vulgaris), carrots (Daucus carota) and radishes (Cichorium intybus).
The first month of autumn is considered the little spring of the plants, there are many annual flowering plants in the trade and we are given the opportunity to heal the losses we may have had from the hot summer months.
Pansy (Viola tricolor), Alyssum maritimum, Chrysanthemum and Cyclamen take the first timid steps with rich flowering and bright colors.
We can fertilize with a compound fertilizer in which nitrogen predominates.
Also, during the last ten days of September, we can plant bulbs such as freesias, narcissus, irises, hyacinths.
October marks the transition of plants from high to lower temperatures, and from the long duration of the day to a shorter duration. This month the remaining summer flowers are replaced.
It is the season for the basic fertilization of the fruits as well as the planting of new ones.
Also, most potted plants are transplanted, and soil is added to the surface of the roots.
Lettuce (Lactuca sativa), cabbage (Brassica oleracea), cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. Botrytis) and broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. Italica) are sown in October.
During these two months the plants slowly begin to adapt to the transition from autumn to winter. Deciduous plants lose their foliage, most ornamental shrubs cease to have flowering and growth. Of course, there are exceptions to shrubs that bloom intensely, such as Chaenomeles speciosa, Forsythia, Camellia, and Azalea rhododendron.
In early November we have the appearance of snails which eat the foliage of broadleaf plants. One way to combat them is to put ashes in the roots or cups with yogurt or jam with a little beer.
Towards the end of December, the hydrangea (Hydrangea) is pruned. Regarding their fertilization, we are content with a general fertilization in November with a balanced fertilizer (e.g. 20-20-20).
Finally, during the Christmas holidays, the protagonist role is played by the poinsettia or Euphorbia pulcherrima, which with its bright red color gives a note of warmth to the festive decoration of our house.